Why we need the disavow tool
As backlinks are seen as votes of confidence for a site by Google, it’s important to only have good quality sites voting for you. For instance, a link from a major site filled with high-quality content, with a stellar domain and page authority and a long history on the web is great for your website. However, dozens of links from very low-quality sites will simply have a negative effect on your position in SERPs. Spammy SEOs look to manipulate the search results by building hundreds, if not thousands of poor quality links to their sites, in the hope that there is strength in numbers. Hint: there isn’t.
Once the Penguin Update was rolled out in April 2012, bad link building practices started to be penalised by Google. As such, SEOs needed a way to stop low-quality links that were pointing to their site from negatively impacting their position on the search rankings. So, in October 2012, the disavow tool was rolled out.
The tool provides webmasters with an easy way to ask Google to ignore any bad, spammy links to your site. But where do these spammy links come from? Well, you may have engaged in black hat SEO tactics that contravene Google’s webmaster guidelines, such as buying links, joining link networks or writing spammy blog posts or comments. Although, it’s also a possibility that you accidentally placed your site in a bad neighbourhood without even realising it. You may even be a subject of Google bowling.
You’d do well to remember that the disavow tool is not a ‘get out of jail free’ tool. You can’t simply build your SERP presence through black hat tactics for a short-term boost before disavowing and starting again. Google’s smart, they’re not going to let you get away with that.
Despite the disavow tool being a very straightforward way to remove bad links, you don’t want to use it with wild abandon, disavowing any remotely negative link to your site (but more on that later). Google even gives you an ominous warning when you start using the tool.
Don’t worry too much about Google’s threatening message, it’s just to stop you from removing any good links to your site. This is why you need to try other methods of removing potentially harmful backlinks first.
How to use the disavow tool
So you’ve completed a backlink audit and found that you have links coming from a variety of sites that are either supremely spammy or entirely unrelated to your target audience, what next?
As we mentioned earlier, it’s always best to attempt to remove links naturally before using the disavow tool. The best way to do this is to simply get in contact with the owner of a site you don’t want linking to you and ask them to remove the link. If you can see no way to directly contact them on the site, you should try other avenues such as reaching out to them on social media or commenting on a blog post on their site to request a removal of the link. If none of that works, it’s time to use the disavow tool.
To use the tool, you’ll want to run through your backlink audit and find any links that you’re intending on disavowing. Copy these links into a .txt file and head over to the disavow tool in the search console. Once there you should see a little box like this:
Hit the disavow links button and you’ll be taken to the below screen, where you can upload the .txt file you created earlier. Hit submit and Google will start the process of disavowing those links, so that they won’t be taken into account the next time your site gets crawled.
As we’ve demonstrated, the Google disavow tool is a powerful weapon in the SEO’s arsenal. It’s also a tool that should be respected and not used without care, or else it’s possible that you could do a lot of damage to your SEO campaign. However, when you have no other choice, it can give your SEO a dramatic boost, so you shouldn’t be afraid to use it.
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